Juma

Large community prayer service that takes place on Friday (mid-day) (literally: gathering).

Saum

The Arabic word for fasting

Salah

Ritual prayer, alone or in a group (literally: link or communication).

Sadaqa

Extra charity that Muslims give voluntarily to those in need

Ruh

Soul in Arabic

Ramadan

The ninth month in the Islamic calendar during which Muslims are required to fast

Sunni

The major of branch of Islam (80-85%) that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Prophet Muhammad.

Qiblah

The direction that Muslims face when they pray towards the Kaba

Namaz

The daily prayers or salah in Iranian, Turkish and South Asian languages.

Philosophy

The pursuit of wisdom by intellectual means and moral self-discipline