This is the first pillar of Islam and is very important to Muslims as it sums up what Muslims believe in.


Although Muslims can pray to God anytime and anywhere, there are ritual prayers in Islam known as the ‘salat’. Muslim adults are required to pray the ‘salat’ five times a day.


Every Muslim adult in Islam is required to give 2.5% of their savings each year, to the poor and the needy. This is called ‘zakat’. However if you do not have any savings or cannot afford to pay you are exempt.


Saum is the Arabic word for fasting. All adult Muslims are required to fast in the month of Ramadan, the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. Muslims believe that the revelation of the Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad began in this month.


Hajj is a pilgrimage that Muslims must undertake at least once in their lifetimes if they are able to. The Arabic word Hajj means: journey towards.